Water conservation

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1. Water Conservation 1/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC SUBMITTED BY PRACHI RAUT WATER CONSERVATION SHREE GURUNANAK JUNIOR…
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  • 1. Water Conservation 1/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC SUBMITTED BY PRACHI RAUT WATER CONSERVATION SHREE GURUNANAK JUNIOR COLLEGE OF SCIENCE & COMMERCE SUBMITTED TO SWETA VARMA
  • 2. Water Conservation 2/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC INDEX • INTRODUCTION • OBJECTIVES • GOALS • BACKGROUND • OVERVIEW • WHAT IS A DROUGHT? • WHY CONSERVE WATER? • TYPES OF PRACTICES • MONITORING • SUBMETERING • WATER RECYCLING • CONCLUSION
  • 3. Water Conservation 3/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC INTRODUCTION • Water conservation includes all the policies, strategies and  activities  to sustainably manage  the natural resource of  fresh water,  to  protect  the hydrosphere,  and  to  meet  the  current  and  future  human demand.  Population,  household  size, and growth and affluence all affect how much water is  used.  Factors  such  as climate  change have  increased  pressures  on  natural  water  resources  especially  in manufacturing and  agricultural irrigation.[1]  Many  US  cities  have  already  implemented  policies  aimed  at  water  conservation, with much success.
  • 4. Water Conservation 4/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC  Discuss the Need for Water Conservation.  Discuss the Need for Monitoring, Submetering, and Leak Detection.  Explain How Water Pressure Relates to Water Conservation.  Discuss Water Recycling and Water Reuse.  Discuss Cooling Water Conservation.  Discuss Industrial Water Conservation Measures.  Discuss Bathroom Water Conservation Measures.  Discuss Xeriscape Landscaping.  Discuss Water Conservation Education and Employee Participation. OBJECTIVES
  • 5. Water Conservation 5/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC GOALS  Understand the Need for Water Conservation.  Understand the Need for Monitoring, Submetering, and Leak Detection.  Be Familiar With How Water Pressure Relates to Water Conservation.  Understand the Principles of Water Recycling and Water Reuse.  Be Familiar With Cooling Water Conservation.  Be Familiar With Industrial Water Conservation Measures.  Understand Bathroom Water Conservation Measures.  Understand the Basic Principles of Xeriscape Landscaping.  Understand the Importance of Water Conservation Education and Employee Participation.
  • 6. Water Conservation 6/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC BACKGROUND  Drought costs ranchers and farmers an estimated $6-8 billion a year, more than damages caused by floods or hurricanes.  The Dust Bowl Drought from 1931-1938 affected 50 million acres of land and left thousands of farmers homeless.  In 1999 drought caused 1,695 counties in 44 states to be declared agricultural disaster areas.
  • 7. Water Conservation 7/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC OVERVIEW The goal of this course is to provide supervisors with the tools needed to help conserve water. It recommends practical, actions that can be carried out by facility management, maintenance personnel and building occupants. The course will help you to integrate good water conservation management activities into your existing organization and identify which of your staff have the necessary skills to carry out those activities.
  • 8. Water Conservation 8/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC WHAT IS A DROUGHT? The National Weather Service defines a drought as “a period of abnormally dry weather that persists long enough to produce a serious hydrologic imbalance (for example crop damage, water supply shortage, etc.) The severity of the drought depends upon the degree of moisture deficiency, the duration and the size of the affected area.”
  • 9. Water Conservation 9/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC WHY CONSERVE WATER? 1. It is a resource that is a benefit to everyone. 2. To save money. Lower consumption means lower water bills. 3. To keep rates low. Maximizing current water supplies helps defer the need to develop new, more expensive sources of water. 4. To prepare for a drought. Many areas of the country have experienced drought conditions in the past few years. Water conservation helps prepare for these worst of times. 5. To comply with regulations. Many states and local regulators have established efficient water use regulations.
  • 10. Water Conservation 10/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC TWO TYPES OF PRACTICES 1. Engineering practices: practices based on modifications in plumbing, fixtures, or water supply operating procedures. 2. Behavioral practices: practices based on changing water use habits.
  • 11. Water Conservation 11/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC MONITORING  Provides baseline information on quantities of overall company water use, the seasonal and hourly patterns of water use, and the quantities and quality of water use in individual processes.  Baseline information on water use can be used to set company goals and to develop specific water use efficiency measures.  Monitoring also raises employee awareness.  Records of meter readings can be used to identify changes in water use rates and possible problems in a system.
  • 12. Water Conservation 12/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC SUBMETERING  The practice of placing water meters throughout a facility is called submetering.  Submetering helps account for water usage and can help in the process of leak detection.  Areas to consider submetering are landscaped areas, cafeterias, laundries, and major industrial equipment that use water.  Submetering makes water users more aware of how much water they use and its cost.  By placing meters and monitoring those meters throughout a facility, experts estimate that a facility can help reduce water usage by 20 to 40 percent.
  • 13. Water Conservation 13/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC WATER RECYCLING  Water recycling is the reuse of water for the same application for which it was originally used.  Factors that should be considered in a water recycling program include: - Identification of water reuse opportunities - Evaluation of the minimum water quality needed for a particular use - Evaluation of water quality degradation resulting from the use - Determination of the treatment steps.
  • 14. Water Conservation 14/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC CONCLUSION I am so glad that you have been able to learn a little bit about how we can be a helping hand in the conservation of water in our world. Taking care of our planet is a big responsibility. We have only scratched the surface of conservation of water, but if we all work together, we can bring about change, not only with water, but with air, land, energy, waste, and others. Even though you have completed this task, do not stop here. I encourage you to try and find out the ways you can help your community to become active in conservation. Get involved and dig deeper for life!
  • 15. Water Conservation 15/66 © Copyright Training 4 Today 2001 Published by EnviroWin Software LLC
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